India’s tiger population sees 30% increase

There are only 13 countries with tigers in the wild and six of them have seen an increase in their numbers. 2,226 as India’s tiger count it was fantastic as it was 30 per cent more than the last count. This is 70 per cent of the world tiger population. Tiger epitomises the health of the ecosystem, Prime Minister Narendra Modi said, at the inauguration of the three-day Asia Ministerial Conference on Tiger Conservation stressing that success with tiger conservation means the whole ecosystem is improving.

In the last two years, the number has risen and our rough estimate as of today is that India has nearly 2,500 tigers. That is a good news for India… (a result) of what we are doing for the last 12 years. We have zero tolerance towards poaching,” Prakash Javadekar ,Minister of State (Independent Charge) of Environment, Forest and Climate Change said at the inauguration of the 3rd Asia ministerial conference on tiger conservation.

He said that as per WWF estimates, the tiger population the world over has grown from 3,200 to 3,890 in the last five years, a 22 per cent increase.

“We are taking a historic decision to protect tiger corridors. We will incentivize project proponents to give land for compensatory afforestation in tiger corridors. By such measures over the years, we can free the tiger corridors and these will become forest land,” Javadekar said.

“We have started a unique experiment with new standard operating procedures (SOPs) for orphaned tiger cubs. This has started yielding results and four such orphaned tigers have been released back into the wild after proper care in ‘in situ’ enclosures,” he said.

Javadekar lauded Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s commitment towards tiger conservation and said he had adopted the best conservation practices during his tenure as the Chief Minister of Gujarat.“The growing number of lions in Gujarat is a testimony to his efforts,” the minister said.

The budget for Project Tiger from Rs 185 crore to Rs 380 crore, adding that, with the 60:40 participation of states, this increase translates to Rs 500 crore in one year for tiger protection.

India’s tiger population has significantly increased according to the 2014-15 India tiger estimation report released today. Recent years have seen a dramatic rise in numbers– from 1,411 in 2006 to 2,226 in 2014.

The increase in the tiger population can be largely attributed to better management and improved protection within tiger reserves and other tiger bearing protected areas. Poaching remains the greatest threat to wild tigers today with tiger parts in high demand throughout Asia.

“These results confirm that more than half of the world’s tigers are in India, and thus, an up-to-date and precise estimation becomes imperative for assessing the success of future conservation efforts. This demonstrates that species conservation works, especially when it brings together political will, strong science and dedicated field efforts,” said Ravi Singh, Secretary General & CEO, WWF-India.

The report, Status of Tigers in India, 2014, published by the National Tiger Conservation Authority of the Government of India, highlights that the future of tigers in India depends on maintaining undisturbed core habitats for breeding tiger populations, habitat connectivity and protection from poaching of tigers and their prey.

“At a time when the global tiger population is under threat, it is heartening that India’s tiger numbers are increasing. This was not the situation a decade ago and I am proud that we have risen to the challenge and turned the situation around,” said Prakash Javadekar, Indian Minister for Environment and Forests, at an event marking the release of the figures.

Since 2010, all tiger countries have been working to double global tiger numbers, a goal known as Tx2. This new result from India coupled with the increase from the last census demonstrates that even in densely populated and economically booming Asia, ambitious targets for species recovery can be achieved.  India’s tiger population in 2010 was estimated to be 1,706.

An essential part of Tx2 is for countries to count their tigers. India’s 2014 tiger estimation is the largest and most thorough tiger census ever undertaken; covering 18 states with more than 300,000 sq km surveyed including areas outside tiger reserves.

At the Dhaka Conference in September 2014, tiger countries agreed to release a new global tiger population figure in 2016, the halfway point to Tx2. This year Russia will carry out a full range Amur tiger survey, with surveys also expected from Bangladesh, China, Nepal and Bhutan.

Comprehensive surveys are urgently required in Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, Myanmar, Laos, Cambodia, and Vietnam.

“To undertake a census at this scale reflects the dedication, experience and leadership of the Indian National Tiger Conservation Authority,” said Mike Baltzer, Leader of WWF’s Tigers Alive Initiative. “However this investment and hard work can so easily be undone by poachers and it is imperative all tiger governments step up efforts to achieve zero poaching.”

In February, one of the most significant anti-poaching meetings ever held,‘Symposium: Towards Zero Poaching: Asia’, will be hosted by the Nepalese government. This ‘real skills’ event will be attended by more than 13 Asian governments, with the objective to launch an immediate, coordinated region-wide effort to halt poaching across Asia.

The estimation exercise in India saw an unprecedented effort from the National Tiger Conservation Authority, state forest departments, the Wildlife Institute of India, and conservation organisations including WWF-India, CWS, ATREE, Aaranyak, WRCS and WCT. /

So here’s what we have to do to save one tiger:

– Minimise conflict between humans and tigers so any situations that occur cannot be exploited

by the poachers and the chance of revenge killings is minimised

– Build partnerships with local people, who can help us monitor poaching activity

– Raise political support for wildlife crime legislation in the area

– Investigate poaching and wildlife crime to stop poachers before they enter the area

– Patrol the area to ensure that poachers are caught

– Remove all the snares being laid by poachers.

These aren’t actions that are easy or simple to take.